What role can art play in pandemic situations like we are experiencing now?
I find the current pandemic striking because it so clearly played out across social media and it's the first time this has happened at this level. I've been keeping an extensive collection of stories and research from the very start of the epidemic and how it has evolved and continued to evolve. Many elements have echoes in the diary of Samuel Pepys or Daniel Defoe's A Journal of the Plague Year.
It's striking now also how supportive artists are to each other. Since the disease worsened in the UK I've had messages from artists and curators from all across the world (including China, Taiwan, Singapore, Germany and Austria) asking if I'm OK and telling me about their situations at home. In many places they are already emerging from the outbreaks which is somewhat comforting.
Another important aspect is to let this situation inspire work and I am relieved that I have been able to adapt one current art commission to explore the impact of self-isolation and quarantine due to the COVID-19 Pandemic on the issue of domestic abuse and violence from a global perspective.
What has been the most interesting creative reaction to the pandemic that you know of so far?
ZHI Art Museum in Chengdu, China is preparing an online exhibition as a response, which they invited me to contribute to. CAFA (Central Academy of Fine Arts) in Beijing have already published an article about artworks dealing with disease and healing, which features my work.
Strangely I am also involved with my Plague Dress in an exhibition called Infected which is now postponed but was originally due to open in April at the Rijksmuseum Boerhaave (a former pest house which also holds the microscope through which bacteria were first observed in their collection). The show was planned for a very long time and deeply researched. But I it's so unsettling, for me and the museum staff, to see just how contemporary this theme is, even though it's something we've tried to raise awareness of through our work.
Some people say this pandemic will accelerate a wider paradigm shift in society. Do you agree? Can you describe how you see the importance and potential impact of this event on a larger scale?
I think there will be impacts of course but it's really hard to say what they will be. Many things will go back to 'normal', others will see a 'new normal'.
Habits form over a few weeks so I think people might get used to online meetings rather than so many business trips. Universities might do more online courses which will have a significant impact (not least on the educators). Airlines are already struggling so we don't know what will happen there but I hope the more innovative carriers survive. Recessions are anticipated of course and small businesses and freelancers will be hit, but also big businesses. Some are concerned about border closures and what that might mean for the future, though I think it's unlikely they will stay closed for longer than necessary.
On a positive side there will be massive innovations in healthcare. The SARS-CoV-2 virus was whole genome-sequenced and human trials on a new vaccine began less than 70 days later, which is incredible. The next step is also finding an antibody test so we can see who has been infected and might be immune (as studies in Rhesus monkeys suggest).
From an art perspective it's difficult to say. Many artists have been very affected, myself included. I've had many cancellations and postponements of events and exhibitions. That said there's been a lot of support and it even looks like there will be a repurposing of some arts funding towards supporting freelance artists. I understand the commercial art world is doing well as often happens when the stock market is uncertain. So everything remains to be seen and my thoughts are with all those affected in whatever way.
Further information on Anna and her work is available at her website.
Article interviewer / writer: Célia Bugniot.